Difference between Meristematic and Permanent tissue


Meristematic Tissue

Permanent Tissue

Meristematic tissue divides repeatedly and is responsible for the growth of plants. Permanent tissue cells are differentiated from meristematic tissues that have lost their ability to divide and its main function is protective, conductive and supportive tissue.
Meristematic tissue cells are undifferentiated and intercellular spaces are absent Permanent tissue has fully differentiated and undifferentiated cells . intercellular spaces are present.
Meristematic tissue divides rapidly. The differentiated cells of permanent tissue have lost their ability to divide.
It is a simple tissue that consists of a single type of cell. Permanent tissue is a combination of simple and complex tissue.
Cells are always living in meristematic tissue. Cells of permanent tissue may be living or dead.
Meristematic tissue cells have dense cytoplasm and prominent nuclei. Non living cells of permanent tissue do not have cytoplasm and nucleus.
Meristematic tissue cells show high rates of metabolism. Cells of permanent tissue show very less or no metabolism.
Meristematic tissue cell walls are thin. Permanent tissue cell walls of its cells can be thick or thin.
Meristematic tissue doesn’t contain reserve food. Some cells of permanent tissue reserve food in the form of starch.
It is restricted to certain parts of the plant body such as the root and shoots Apex. Permanent tissue cells found throughout the plant body.
Tissue cells are involved in plant growth. Tissue cells are involved in photosynthesis, conduction and providing mechanical support to the plant.
Apical Meristem, intercalary Meristem, and Lateral Meristem are the basic types.  Parenchyma, Collenchyma, Sclerenchyma, Xylem, Phloem and secretory tissues are various types of permanent tissue.
permanent tissue

Complex permanent tissue- xylem phloem


Also Check- Differentiate between Parenchyma , Collenchyma and Sclerenchyma on the basis of their cell wall.

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