Photorespiration occurs in

Photorespiration occurs in C3 plants and involves several organelles. In chloroplasts, RuBP oxygenase reacts with RuBP, leading to the formation of PGA and PGly. Glycolic acid is produced in chloroplasts and then undergoes oxidation in peroxisomes, forming glyoxylic acid. Within mitochondria, glycine combines with CO2 and NH3, releasing CO2 and forming serine.

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Chapter 13 - Photosynthesis in Higher Plants

Photorespiration is a Wasteful process Justify

Photorespiration is a wasteful process that inhibits photosynthesis by diverting RuBisCO activity from carbon fixation. It reduces the production of glucose and oxygen, important products of photosynthesis. In addition, photorespiration consumes ATP instead of producing it, resulting in a loss of energy for the plant. It also leads to a loss of fixed carbon through the release of carbon dioxide, which further reduces carbon gain.

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Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (CAM) -Pathway, Significance, Examples

Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (CAM) is a specialised form of photosynthesis in xerophytic succulents. CAM Plants absorb CO2 at night, store it as malic acid and release it during the day for carbohydrate production. They conserve water by closing the stomata during the day. Examples are orchids, cacti, aloe and pineapple. CAM enables efficient CO2 use, water conservation and reduced photorespiration in arid environments.

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