Nutrition in Plants Class 7 explained

Nutrition in Plants Class 7

Nutrition in plants encompasses various processes, including photosynthesis, where chlorophyll in leaves captures sunlight to convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose and oxygen. Stomata, tiny openings on leaves, facilitate gas exchange. Other modes of nutrition include parasitic plants, insectivorous plants that capture and digest prey, and saprotrophic nutrition involving decomposers. Symbiotic relationships, like with Rhizobium bacteria, aid nutrient replenishment in the soil.

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Equation for Photosynthesis

Equation for Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy, can be summarised by the equation for photosynthesis. The chemical equation, 6CO2 + 6H2O + light energy → C6H12O6 + 6O2, represents the balanced reaction. It outlines the conversion of carbon dioxide and water into glucose and oxygen with the help of sunlight. This word equation simplifies the process for easier understanding.

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what is the importance of photosynthesis

Importance of Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis is vital and sustains life on earth. It produces oxygen, drives plant growth and forms the basis of the food chain. Animals depend on photosynthesis to produce oxygen and feed themselves. Plants thrive on energy production and nutrient synthesis. Humans benefit from food sources and renewable energy sources. Nature finds a balance as photosynthesis reduces carbon dioxide and promotes biodiversity.

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Salivary Glands - Definition, Types, Location, Size, Ducts, Diagram, Characteristics, Secretion, Structure and Function

Salivary Glands – Definition, Types, Location, Size, Ducts, Diagram, Characteristics, Secretion, Structure and Function

Salivary glands are exocrine glands responsible for saliva secretion. They have acinar cells for saliva synthesis and ductal cells for transport. Myoepithelial cells aid saliva movement. Major glands include parotid (largest), submandibular, and sublingual (smallest). Ducts are Stensen’s (parotid), Wharton’s (submandibular), and multiple (sublingual). Saliva lubricates, digests, and protects. Understanding their structure and function is vital.

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peristalsis / perstaltic movement

Peristalsis-  The Rhythmic Journey Through Your Body

Peristalsis is a vital biological process that facilitates the movement of food through the digestive system. It involves rhythmic contractions of smooth muscles, creating a wave-like motion known as peristaltic waves. These waves propel food through the digestive tract and ensure efficient digestion and absorption of nutrients. Peristaltic movements are coordinated by the enteric nervous system and provide the motility necessary for proper gastrointestinal function.

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mitochondria short note

Short Note on Mitochondria

Mitochondria, the ‘Powerhouse of the cell’, are double-membrane organelles found in eukaryotic organisms. They function as the cell’s digestive system and play an important role in energy production through oxidative phosphorylation. With their unique structure and multiple functions, mitochondria regulate metabolism, promote cell growth, detoxify ammonia, induce apoptosis and maintain calcium ion balance, making them essential for cellular activities.

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emulsification of fats in digestion

Emulsification of Fats

Emulsification of fats is an important process in digestion in which large globules of fat are broken down into smaller droplets. This process is carried out by bile, a substance produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. Bile emulsifies fats by acting as a detergent, breaking down the fat into smaller droplets that can be easily digested and absorbed by the body. Without this process, the digestion and absorption of fats would be much less efficient.

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Endocytosis and Exocytosis - Differences , Similarities ,Roles, Steps , Types

Endocytosis and Exocytosis – Differences , Similarities ,Roles, Steps , Types

Endocytosis and Exocytosis are cellular processes used to move molecules in and out of cells, respectively. Endocytosis involves the formation of a vesicle to engulf and transport molecules into the cell, while exocytosis involves the fusion of a vesicle with the plasma membrane to release molecules out of the cell. These processes play important roles in nutrient uptake, waste elimination, cell communication etc.

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What is Endocytosis

Endocytosis -Definition, Mechanism, Types, Examples

Endocytosis is a cellular process by which cells absorb molecules and particles from the external environment by engulfing them within a vesicle. There are three main types of endocytosis – phagocytosis, pinocytosis, and receptor-mediated endocytosis. Endocytosis plays a crucial role in nutrient uptake, immune defence and cellular signalling. Examples of endocytosis include the uptake of bacteria by immune cells and the absorption of nutrients by intestinal cells.

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Binary Fission in Amoeba - 4 important steps

Binary Fission in Amoeba

Binary fission is the primary mode of reproduction in Amoeba, a unicellular organism. It is a simple asexual process where the parent cell divides into two identical daughter cells. In the first step the cell elongates and then the nucleus divides into two. This is followed by the division of the cytoplasm resulting in two new Amoebas. Binary fission in Amoeba is a crucial process that allows them to rapidly multiply and colonise new habitats.

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