What is the role of epidermis in plants?

What is the role of epidermis in plants?

Role of epidermis in plants is as follows

  • Epidermis is a protective tissue of plants, it helps in protection of internal parts of plants.
  • Epidermis forms the outer covering of the entire plant surface.
  • Epidermis tissue becomes thick and prevents water loss in plants living in very dry habitats.
  • Epidermis tissue cells secretes a waxy, water resistant layer on the outer surface, which protects against loss of water, mechanical injury ,invasion of Parasitic fungi and infections.
  • Epidermis tissue cells of leaf have stomata to help in gas exchange and transpiration.
  • Epidermis tissue cells in the roots help in the absorption of water.
  • In old plants, the epidermal layer becomes thick and forms cork. Cork cells contain a chemical called suberin in their walls, which makes them impervious to gases and water.
Plant Epidermis
Also Check –Chapter 6 Tissue Notes
Also Check-Characteristics of Cork . How is it Formed? Mention its Role or functions.

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