The Island groups of India

India has two groups of Island
Lakshadweep group and Andaman and Nicobar group which lies in Arabian sea and Bay of Bengal respectively.

The Lakshadweep Island group

Lakshadweep islands
  • It lies very close to Kerala. Malabar Coast is the nearest coast to Lakshadweep Island.
  • Lakshadweep Island is the smallest union territory of India.
  • This is a group of small Coral island. Corals are short lived microscopic organisms lives in colonies., the flourish in shallow, mud free warm waters. They secrete calcium carbonate.
  • The Lakshadweep Island group earlier called as Laccadive, Minicoy, Amindive.
  • In 1973 these island were named as Lakshadweep. They cover a small area of 32 square kilometre.
  • Kavaratti Island is the administrative headquarters of Lakshadweep. It is also the capital of the Lakshadweep Island.
  • The Pitti island which is inhabited has bird sanctuary.

Andaman and Nicobar Island

Andaman Nicobar Island are divided into two broad cate
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
ories.
  • Andaman’s in North
  • Nicobar in the south
  • Andaman and Nicobar are two groups of densely forested Islands.
  • They are bigger in size and are more numerous and scattered.
  • This islands are believed to be an elevated portion of submarine mountains. Submarine Mountains are the mountains which rise from ocean floor that do not reach to the water surface.
  • India’s only active volcano is found on Barren Island in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • There is a great diversity of flora and fauna in the group of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • This Island lie close to the equator and experience equatorial climate with thick forest cover.

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