The Indian Constitution – Class 8 civics – NCERT Question Answers

Question. Define  the term constitutive?  Explain it with an day-to-day example?

Answer. Constitutive- It means having the power to establish or give organized existence to something.
For example  constitutive rule in my everyday life is that I have to reach my school on time in proper school uniform everyday.

Question. Why do the people of Nepal want a new constitution?

Answer. People of Nepal want a new constitution for the following reasons:-

  • Nepal  is no longer a monarchy. In the monarchy, Nepal constitution  powers  were entirely  in the hands of the king.
    The people of Nepal want a new constitution because  ideals of the people had change as the country head moved from a monarchy to democracy.
  • The previous constitution which was adopted in 1990, stated that final authority restaurant the king.
  • The people of Nepal fought for democratic government for many years. Finally in 2006 the people of Nepal succeeded in putting an end to the powers of the king.
  • New constitution in Nepal will establish Nepal as a democracy in order to bring a new society with new ideals.

Question 1.  In which of the following situation is a Minister misusing his power?

(a)  Refuses to sanction a project of his ministry for sound technical reasons.

Ans(a) In  this case Minister is not misusing his power as  reason is valid for not sanctioning a project.

(b) Threatens to send his security staff to  rough up his neighbour

Ans(b) In this case Minister is misusing his power as he is threatening his neighbour with the powers he have.

(c) Calls up The Police Station asking them not to register a complaint that is likely to be filed against his relative.

Ans(c) In this case insta is misusing his power by not letting authority to perform their duties, he is preventing fair procedure of Justice.

Question. Which fundamental rights  will the following situations  violate?

(a)If a 13 year old child is working in a factory manufacturing carpet.

Answer.  Right against exploitation  would be violated. The constitution prohibits human trafficking, forced labour and employment of children under 14 years of age.

(b) If a politician in one state decides to not allowed labourers from other states to work in his state.

Answer. Right to freedom would be violated. This includes the right to freedom of speech and expression, the right to form Associations, the right to move freely  and reside in any part of the country, under right to practice any profession , occupation or business.

(c) If  a group of people not given permission to open a Telugu medium school in Kerala.

Answer.  Cultural and educational rights would be violated. The constitution states that all minorities , religious or linguistic, can set up their own educational institution in order to preserve and develop their own culture.

(d) If  the government decides not to promote an officer of the armed force for being a woman.

Answer. Right to Equality would be violated .   The constitution states that all persons are equal before the law. This means that all persons  shell be equally protected by the law of the country. Also states that no citizens can be discriminated against on the basis of their religion, caste or sex. The state cannot discriminate against anyone in matters of employment.

Question.  What is the difference between state and government?

Answer. State –    State is a type of political entity.  It is an organised political community living under a single system of a government.
Government:- Government refers to a group of authorised people with the authority to govern a country or a state.
State- State is more or less permanent.
Government- government is temporary. The defeat in an election on the death of the authority can change the government.

Question. The constitution mentions fundamental duties. what does it includes and why it is important for the citizens in a democracy to observe these?

Answer.  The part 4A of the Constitution of India contains the fundamental duties.
These duties are listed in article 51A.
The fundamental duties are as follows:-

  1. To to abide by the constitution and respects its ideals and institutions, the national flag and the national anthem.
  2. To  cherish and follow the noble ideas which inspired our national struggle for freedom.
  3. To  uphold and protect  the sovereignty, Unity and integrity of India.
  4. To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.
  5. To  promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India , transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities to renounce practices derogatory  to the dignity of women.
  6. To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.
  7. To protect and improve the natural environment including forests,  lakes,  rivers and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures.
  8. To develop the scientific temper, Humanism and the spirit of enquiry and reform .
  9. To safeguard public property and to  abjure violence.
  10. To strive towards excellence in all  spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly Rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement
  11. Who is the parent or  guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child aur as the case may be, ward between the age of 6 to 14 years.

Question.  Why Does a democratic country need a constitution?

Answer. A democratic country needs the constitution for the following reason:-

  • Constitution is a record of rules that Guards against the misuse of power by political Representation of the People.
  • Constitution gives equality to all persons  and no citizen can be discriminated on the basis of caste, sex  religion etc.it provides social economical and political justice all its citizen.
  • Constitution also protects the fundamental rights of the people for example right to vote.
  • Constitution protects ideals and culture of the country example right to protect religion.
  • Establish rule of law example no one is above the law.
  • It protects the unity and integrity of the nation.

 

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