Shape and size of cell–Cell Structure and functions Class 8 NCERT Notes

Various Cells

Shape and size of cell

Cells come in multitude of shapes and sizes. The shape of a cell depends on the job it performs.

Diffrent Size and Shape of the cell

Examples of Cells with their shape and function

  • Skin cellsFlat— They are protective cover of the body the flat shape helps them to cover a large area.
  • Muscle cellsElongated and thin– Muscle cells expand and contract,there long and thin shape  help them to do this.
  • Nerve cellsVery long fibrous – Nerve cells have fiber that may be more than one meter long. Messages are passed from one nerve cell to another along this fiber.
  • White blood cellsDisc shaped– but can change their shape— WBC in blood changes their shape to destroy germs.
  • Amoeba— Unicellular organism with no definite shape, it’s  pseudopodia helps it to move and feed.
  • Plant cells—May be rectangular , round, oval  or elongated depending upon their functions. Plant cell located on the outer part of the stem give strength to the plant. This cells have thick cell walls for support. Plants have some cells which Store food, these cells are larger than other cells.

Also Check –Unicellular And Multicellular Organisms

 Cauleroa taxifolia  is the world’s largest single celled organism an aquatic algae. It is found in January 29   2015. It is a single cell that can grow to a length of 6 to 12 inches.
Ostrich egg measuring 170 millimeter * 130 mm is the single largest cell.
The smallest cell in human body are RBC red blood cell.
The smallest cell is a parasitic bacterium  called Mycoplasma gallisepticum .

Fact
The bigger organism has a larger number of cells than a smaller one but the size of the Cell has no relation to the size of the organism.

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