Golgi apparatus is membranous flattened sacs or vesicles which are arranged approximately parallel to each other in stacks called Cisterns.
It is also called as Golgi body , Golgi complex or dictyosome.
It is generally present in Eukaryotic cells.
Golgi apparatus membranes often have connections with the membranes of Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER).
Because of the connection with ER, Golgi apparatus constitutes another portion of a complex cellular membrane system.
Many types of Eukaryotic cells contains only one or several Golgi apparatus but plant cells can contain hundreds.
What are the functions of Golgi apparatus ?
Golgi apparatus functions include storage modification and Packaging of products in vesicles.
Golgi apparatus also called the secretary organelle of the cell because it packages material synthesized in the ER and dispatches it to intracellular like plasma membrane and lysosomes and extracellular like cell-surface target .
Golgi apparatus is also responsible in transporting of packaged proteins and lipids into vesicles for delivery to targeted destinations.
Golgi apparatus in some cases also makes Complex sugars from simple sugar .
Golgi apparatus also process and bundles micromolecules like proteins and lipids as they are synthesized within the cell.
Golgi apparatus is also involved in the formation of lysosome .
What would happen to the life of a cell if there were no Golgi apparatus ?
If there were no Golgi apparatus, the material synthesized by endoplasmic reticulum would not be carried to the various parts inside and outside of the cell.
Golgi apparatus performs the function of storage and modification of material synthesis in the cell, in the absence of Golgi apparatus this material could not be stored and further modified .
There will be no production of lysosomes. Which will cause accumulation of waste materials, like worn out and dead cell organelles within the cells which will ultimately lead to cell death .