Difference between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cell

Prokaryotic cell

Eukaryotic cell

Prokaryotic cells are generally small in size. Eukaryotic cells are comparatively larger in size.
Size is 0.1- 5.0 um Size is 5-100 um
Nucleus is absent Nucleus is present
The nuclear material is undefined having no nuclear membrane and is called nucleoid. Nucleus having a nuclear membrane present.
Permeability of Nuclear membrane is not present Permeability of Nuclear membrane is selective
A single chromosome is present.

Endoplasmic reticulum absent

More than one chromosome is present.

Endoplasmic reticulum present

It does not contain membrane bound cell organelle. It contains membrane bound cell organelles like mitochondria, plastids etc.
Golgi apparatus absent Golgi apparatus present
Mitochondria absent Mitochondria present
Lysosomes and Peroxisomes absent Lysosomes and Peroxisomes present
It may have pili and fimbriae. Pili and fimbriae are absent
Ribosomes are 70s ribosomes in their cytosol. Ribosomes are 80s ribosomes in their cytosol.
Cytoskeleton absent Cytoskeleton present
Cell division takes place by fission or budding or fragmentation. Cell division takes place by mitosis and meiosis . 
Sexual reproduction is absent Sexual reproduction is present

Prokaryotic Cell Diagram 

Prokaryote Cell

Eukaryotic cell diagram 

Eukaryote cell

Also Check- Difference between Plant Cell And Animal Cell

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